CliSAP research topic B4 focusses the most extreme storms in various regions of the Earth, ranging from polar lows in the Arctic, medicanes over the Mediterranean, typhoons or hurricances in the tropics to even the large scale cyclonic weather systems in the extra-tropics. In the centre of interest are their changing statistics and their potential impacts on the marine environment (e.g. surges, waves).
CliSAP B4 research objectives cover:
- characteristics of tropical cyclone activities and associated impacts
- characteristics of European storminess
- links between storm climates in different ocean basins
- links to their large scale driving conditions
- storm induced impacts on the coastal climate and on coastal communities
Subject in these analyses are past, ongoing and expected changes in an anthropogenically warmed world, and the consistency of ongoing change with projections of different future climate scenarios.
In their research CliSAP B4 scientists combine sophisticated modeling techniques and indirect methods based on storm proxies from oceanic or coastal sediments and on surface air pressure statistics.
- Barcikowska, M. J., Kapnick, S. B., & Feser, F. (2017). Impact of large-scale circulation changes in the North Atlantic sector on the current and future Mediterranean winter hydroclimate. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3735-5.
- Barcikowska, M., Feser, F., Zhang, W., & Mei, W. (2017). Changes in intense tropical cyclone activity for the western North Pacific during the last decades derived from a regional climate model simulation. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3420-0.
- Gagen, M. H., Zorita, E., McCarroll, D., Zahn, M., Young, G. H. F., & Robertson, I. (2016). North Atlantic summer storm tracks over Europe dominated by internal variability over the past millennium. Nature Geoscience, 9, 630-635. doi:10.1038/ngeo2752.
- Yanase, W., Niino, H., Watanabe, S., Hodges, K., Zahn, M., Spengler, T., & Gurvich, I. A. (2016). Climatology of Polar Lows over the Sea of Japan Using the JRA-55 Reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 29, 419-437. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0291.1.