Water conflict and cooperation
Water conflict and cooperation is studied for major river systems, in particular the Nile River, Pearl River, Indus River, and cross-border water resources in Israel and Palestine. The focus is an analysis of the land-water-energy nexus under conditions of climate change, conflicts and agreements between riparian states, subnational disputes or cooperations on water access and allocation, and the vulnerability to floods, storms and sea-level rise in river deltas. Different methods are applied, including data gathering, field research with qualitative interviews, modeling and simulation, and discourse analysis. An integrated assessment framework is being applied to analyze water, energy and land use in regional climate hot spots in Northern and Eastern Africa. Various scenarios of climate change and water management strategies are dynamically simulated for comparing alternative investment and water allocation schemes between upstream and downstream countries in the Nile River Basin. A medium-complexity physical model of water flows in different river beds is being developed. The discursive dimensions of water interaction are assessed using cross-border water issues in Israel and Palestine as an example.