CliSAP successfully finished in 2018. Climate research continues in the Cluster of Excellence "CLICCS".

All C4 Publications

  • Wiederroth, N. (2019). Das Mwese Highland Refugee Settlement und (Neu)Interpretationen des Wandels. Zum Ringen zwischen Mensch und Natur. Saeculum 2019. Jahrbuch für Universalgeschichte, 69(1), 79-108. doi:10.7788/saec.2019.69.1.1.
  • Brzoska, M. (2018). Weather Extremes, Disasters, and Collective Violence: Conditions, Mechanisms, and Disaster-Related Policies in Recent Research. Current Climate Change Reports, 4(4), 320-329. doi:10.1007/s40641-018-0117-y.
  • Fröhlich, C., & Klepp, S. (2019). Effects of Climate Change on Migration Crises in Oceania. In C. Menjivar, M. Ruiz, & I. Ness (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook on Migration Crisis. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190856908.013.52.
  • Heider, K., Rodriguez Lopez, J. M., García Avilés, J. M., & Balbo, A. L. (2018). Land fragmentation index for drip-irrigated field systems in the Mediterranean: A case study from Ricote (Murcia, SE Spain). Agricultural Systems, 166, 48-56. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2018.07.006.
  • Elitok, S. P., & Fröhlich, C. (2018). Displacement, Refugees and Forced Migration in the MENA Region: The case of the Syrian Refugee Crisis. In S. Nawyn, & S. J. Gold (Eds.), Routledge International Handbook of Migration Studies (2nd ed., pp. 107-118). Routledge.
  • Bukari, K. N., Sow, P., & Scheffran, J. (2018). Cooperation and Co-Existence Between Farmers and Herders in the Midst of Violent Farmer-Herder Conflicts in Ghana. African Studies Review, 1-25. doi:10.1017/asr.2017.124.
  • Heider, K., Weinzier, T., Schwab, N., Bobrowski, M., & Schickhoff, U. (2018). Future agricultural conditions in the Nepal himalaya-a fuzzy logic approach using high resolution climate scenarios. Erde, 149(4), 227-240. doi:10.12854/erde-2018-382.
  • Brzoska, M., Oßenbrügge, J., Fröhlich, C., & Scheffran, J. (2018). Migration. In H. von Storch, I. Meinke, & M. Claussen (Eds.), Hamburger Klimabericht – Wissen über Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Hamburg (pp. 209-224). Berlin: Springer Spektrum. doi:10.1007_978-3-662-55379-4_10.
  • Fröhlich, C., Gioli, G., Cremades, R., & Myrttinen, H. (Eds.). (2018). Water security across the gender divide. Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-64046-4.
  • Rodriguez Lopez, J. M., Heider, K., & Scheffran, J. (2017). Human and remote sensing data to investigate the frontiers of urbanization in the south of Mexico City. Data in Brief, 11, 5-11. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2016.12.049.
  • Bank, A., Fröhlich, C., & Schneiker, A. (2016). The Political Dynamics of Human Mobility: Migration out of, as and into Violence. Global Policy, 8(Suppl. S1), 12-18. doi:10.1111/1758-5899.12384.
  • Fröhlich, C. (2016). More than black and white: a report from Istanbul. OpenDemocracy. Retrieved from
  • Fröhlich, C. (2016). The European Response to the Syrian War: Pathologies Uncovered. E-International Relations. Retrieved from
  • Gurgiser, W., Juen, I., Singer, K., Neuburger, M., Schauwecker, S., Hofer, M., & Kaser, G. (2016). Comparing peasants’ perceptions of precipitation change with precipitation records in the tropical Callejón de Huaylas, Peru. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 499-515. doi:10.5194/esd-7-499-2016.
  • Fröhlich, C. (2016). Climate migrants as protestors? Dispelling misconceptions about global environmental change in pre-revolutionary Syria. Contemporary Levant, 1(1), 38-50. doi:10.1080/20581831.2016.1149355.
  • Scheffran, J. (2016). Nach Paris: Klima am Wendepunkt? Das außenpolitische Journal, 112(24(2)), 4-9.
  • Link, M., Scheffran, J., & Ide, T. (2016). Conflict and cooperation in the water-security nexus: a global comparative analysis of river basins under climate change. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water. doi:10.1002/wat2.1151.
  • Fröhlich, C. (2016). Menschliche Mobilität im Kontext ökologischer und politischer Krisen: das Beispiel Syrien. In M. Johannsen, B. Schoch, M. M. Mutschler, C. Hauswedell, & J. Hippler (Eds.), Friedensgutachten 2016 (pp. 89-100). Münster: LIT-Verlag.
  • Boas, I., & Rothe, D. (2016). From conflict to resilience? Explaining recent changes in climate security discourse and practice. Environmental Politics, 25, 613-632. doi:10.1080/09644016.2016.1160479.
  • Abid, M., Schilling, J., Scheffran, J., & Zulfiqar, F. (2016). Climate change vulnerability, adaptation and risk perceptions at farm level in Punjab, Pakistan. Science of the Total Environment, 547, 447-460. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.125.
  • Wambui Ngaruiya, G., & Scheffran, J. (2016). Actors and networks in resource conflict resolution under climate change in rural Kenya. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 441-452. doi:10.5194/esd-7-441-2016.
  • Brücher, T., Brzoska, M., Claussen, M., Cook, K. H., Link, P. M., Link, J., Mbow, C., & Scheffran, J. (Eds.). (2016). Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa [Special Issue]. Earth System Dynamics.
  • Fröhlich, C., & Brzoska, M. (2015). Real Risk or Overrated? Environmental Migration and Violent Conflict. Netzwerk Flüchtlingsforschung, 22.07.2015, online available. Retrieved from
  • Fröhlich, C., & Stevens, M. R. (2015). Trapped in refuge: the syrian crisis in Jordan worsens. Middle East Research and Information Project,
  • Fröhlich, C., & Gioli, G. (2015). Gender, conflict and global environmental change. Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, 27(2), 137-146. doi:10.1080/10402659.2015.1037609.
  • Brzoska, M. (2015). Climate change and military planning. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 7(2), 172-190. doi:10.1108/IJCCSM-10-2013-0114.
  • Fröhlich, C. (2015). Applying the rules: Testing European refugee and asylum policy. Eutopia, 11.12.2015, online available. Retrieved fromöhlich-2.html.
  • Schilling, J., Locham, R., Weinzierl, T., Vivekananda, J., & Scheffran, J. (2015). The nexus of oil, conflict, and climate change vulnerability of pastoral communities in northwest Kenya. Earth System Dynamics, 6, 703-717. doi:10.5194/esd-6-703-2015.
  • Fröhlich, C., & Brzoska, M. (2015). Climate change, migration and violent conflict: vulnerabilities, pathways and adaptation strategies. Migration and Development. doi:10.1080/21632324.2015.1022973.
  • Ide, T., & Fröhlich, C. (2015). Socio-environmental cooperation and conflict? A discursive understanding and its application to the case of Israel and Palestine. Earth System Dynamics, 6, 659-671. doi:10.5194/esd-6-659-2015.
  • Link, M., Bruecher, T., Claussen, M., Link, J., & Scheffran, J. (2015). The nexus of climate change, land use, and conflict: complex human-environment interactions in Northern Africa. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1561-1564. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00037.1.
  • Claussen, M., Scheffran, J., & Bruecher, T. (2015). Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa. EOS - Earth and Space Science News, 95. doi:10.1029/2014EO021331.
  • Gioli, G., Khan, T., Bisht., S., & Scheffran, J. (2014). Migration as an adaptation strategy and its gendered implications: a case study from the Upper Indus Basin. Mountain Research and Development, 34(3), 255-265. doi:10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-13-00089.1.
  • Ide, T., Schilling, J., Link, J., Scheffran, J., Wambui Ngaruiya, G., & Weinzierl, T. (2014). On exposure, vulnerability and violence: Spatial distribution of risk factors for climate change and violent conflict across Kenya and Uganda. Political Geography, 43(1), 68-81. doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2014.10.007.
  • Scheffran, J., Ide, T., & Schilling, J. (2014). Violent climate or climate of violence? Concepts and relations with focus on Kenya and Sudan. International Journal of Human Rights, 18(3), 369-390. doi:10.1080/13642987.2014.914722.
  • Ide, T., & Frölich, C. (2014). Water conflict or water cooperation? A discursive understanding of water conflict and cooperation in Israel and Palestine. In Norwich Conference on Earth System Governance, Norwich, UK, July 1-3, 2014.

Related Publications (CliSAP 1, 2007-2012)

  • Brzoska, M. (2012). Climate change and the military: The cases of China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. e-international relations, (16.3.2012). Retrieved from
  • Brzoska, M., Link, M., Maas, A., & Scheffran, J. (2012). Editorial: Geoengineering - An issue for peace and security? Sicherheit und Frieden, 30(4), IV.
  • Brzoska, M., & Oels, A. (2012). Massenmigration und Klimakriege? Diskurse über Klimawandel als Sicherheitsbedrohung und ihr Einfluss auf die Politik. Wissenschaft und Frieden, 30, 19-22.
  • Maas, A., & Scheffran, J. (2012). Climate conflicts 2.0? Climate engineering as challenge for international peace and security. Sicherheit und Frieden, 30, 193-200.
  • Brzoska, M., Link, P., & Neuneck, G. (2012). Geoengineering - Möglichkeiten und Risiken. Sicherheit und Frieden, 30, 185-193.
  • Brzoska, M., Link, M., Maas, A., & Scheffran, J. (Eds.). (2012). Geoengineering: An issue for peace and security? [Special Issue]. Sicherheit und Frieden, 30(4).