Phenomena such as hurricanes in the atmosphere or vortexes in oceans are too small and short-termed to register in a global raster. They may, however, significantly impact climate processes. Further research is necessary especially in the following areas: Which part do these processes exactly play in regards to circulation in both atmosphere and ocean and to their interaction? How can small-scale motions be recorded and integrated into large-scale climate models? Both the newest advances in this field as well as the remaining gaps in knowledge were analyzed during the workshop.
There continues to be a specific lack in understanding how small-scale variability is generated, how it dissipates and which influence it has on global energy cycles. All scientists agreed that observation methods must be improved. That data is necessary to further develop the theoretical knowledge basis in order to better understand the circulation model. There is a larger need for ocean data, however the atmosphere is an easier to research medium.